Refugees in Hampshire's past

Hampshire Cultural Trust is appalled and saddened by the situation in Ukraine. We stand in solidarity with all those affected by the war. As destinations for education and participation, it is important that our museums and arts centres are able to provide community focal points for those affected by this humanitarian crisis.

As a cultural organisation, we strongly believe that learning from the past is essential and that we have a role to play in educating and informing through our shared heritage.

At this time, we are sharing and reflecting on the history of refugees in Hampshire with a particular focus on the displacement of people across Europe during and after World War I.

Germany's invasion of Belgium in 1914 led to over 250,000 Belgian refugees arriving in the UK. This is still the single largest influx of refugees in British history. Here, we look at some of the ways the people of Hampshire helped refugees during the World War I.

Photograph showing Belgian refugees standing on the steps of the Guildhall during World War I

In October 1914, the city of Winchester launched an appeal to receive weekly donations to house and clothe refugees and provide coal for heating. With an approach not too dissimilar with Ukrainian refugees today, many residents housed Belgian refugee families in their own homes. A Mr Apthorpe donated the use of 13 St James Terrace rent free for six months, which was then furnished through donations. Winchester College offered support by housing 17 refugees.

A programme for a benefit concert organised in Andover organised in aid of Belgian refugees.

The people of Andover responded with similar generosity. The Andover Advertiser wrote that refugees who arrived by train were greeted with a meal and additional supplies. Local school children also played their part. Three girls from the town's Community School organised a benefit concert which took place on 28 October 1914. They managed to raise £2 15s for the refugee fund, equivalent to more than £300 today.

Belgian refugees on North Street, Gosport, dated 1914. In Gosport around 3,000 residents greeted 60 refugees housed in the town.
A house, seen on the far left of this photograph taken just before the first World war was used to house Belgium refugees. The building is now TSB Bank.

On the outbreak of war in August 1914, the people of Alton sent clothes in aid to the people of Belgium; by September, the town's people were housing refugees in need. A house in the High Street was prepared for the use of refugees and the Assembly Rooms were converted into a Red Cross Hospital for wounded Belgians.

Assembly Rooms, Alton converted into a hospital for wounded Belgium soldiers. Taken between 1914 and 1919.

Hampshire Cultural Trust stands #TogetherWithRefugees. To learn more, please visit the link below.

Ukraine statement | Hampshire Cultural Trust

This article was collaboration between:
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Hampshire Cultural Trust

From museums to galleries to arts centres, we manage and support 24 attractions across the county, welcoming over 740,000 people each year. Our charitable purpose is changing lives through culture.
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Sam Butcher

Curatorial Assistant who looks after objects and works to make them accessible to the public.
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