A Royalist bastion during the English Civil War, Basing House was attacked by Parliamentary troops on three occasions. The final assault came in August 1645, when 800 men took up position around the walls. The garrison held out, despite further reinforcements to the attacking force, until Oliver Cromwell himself arrived with heavy artillery. By 13 October 1645, the walls of the house had been breached, Cromwell stormed the site and left it a burning ruin.
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